Concerto No. 2 in D minor for Flute and Orchestra Op. 31 (1806)

Franz Danzi (1763-1826)

Program note written by Jacob Farmer

Movements:
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto non troppo
III. Polacca

Approximate Performance Time:
20 Minutes

Difficulty:
Intermediate Advanced – appropriate for advanced high school students and college undergraduates

Recordings:
James Galway, Württembergisches Kammerochester & Jörg Faerber. Concerto No. 2 for Flute and Orchestra, Op. 31 in D Minor. Sony Music, 2014. MP3.

Source Article:
Alexander, Peter Marquis. “The Chamber Music of Franz Danzi: Sources, Chronology and Style (Classic, Germany, Nineteenth-Century).” Order No. 8627974 Indiana University, 1986. Ann Arbor: ProQuest. Web. 1 Oct. 2016.

Biography:
Franz Danzi was a cellist and composer from Germany, born in 1763. Danzi initially studied with his father, then later joined Elector Karl Theodor’s orchestra in Mannheim as a young teenager. He eventually took over for his father in the Munich Orchestra while composing his third German opera. He married the singer Maria Margarethe Marchand, who died seventeen years later after they had traveled to Leipzig, Prague, Venice, and Florence together. He returned to Mannheim, rising as the next Kapellmeister in Munich in 1798. Although he was best known as a performer, he wrote eighteen operas, in addition to an extensive collection of choral, orchestral, chamber, and even some piano music. Danzi died in 1826.

Piece Information:
Franz Danzi composed his Concerto in D minor for Flute and Orchestra in 1806. The solo flute part is written in a late classical style but the orchestra’s part is a little bit more modern in style. The main theme of the first movement is reminiscent of Mozart’s Piano Concerto in D minor. The Larghetto non troppo is the lyrical movement of the work with interjecting horn parts throughout the movement. The final movement, Polacca, is meant to be a lively, virtuosic ending for the piece.