Carl Philipp Stamitz (1745-1801)
Program note written by Jacob Farmer
II. Andante non troppo moderato
Approximate Performance Time:
Advanced Intermediate – appropriate for advanced high school and college undergraduates
James Galway, New Irish Chamber Orchestra & André Previn. Flute Concerto in G Major. Sony Music, 2014. MP3.
“Carl Philipp Stamitz.” Classic Cat. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2016.
Carl Stamitz is a Czech-German composer born 1745 in Mannheim, the son of Johann Stamitz, the founder of the Mannheim School. It was his father that gave him his early musical training that allowed him to be a traveling virtuoso violinist. In 1777, he shared a stage with a then twelve-year-old Beethoven. Stamitz composed many symphonies, both for orchestra and groups of solo instruments, concerti, quartets, trios, sonatas, and chamber music, stylistically unique to Mannheim. Unsurprisingly given his early education as a child, a number of his works feature the viola. He wrote seven concertos and several chamber works for the flute. Stamitz died in 1801 in Jena, Saxony.
The overall form of this concerto is in Baroque concerto grosso style but Stamitz includes a few advancements. The orchestra begins with a long introduction with the flute taking over with a grandiose arrival. One difference between this style of concerto and the Barqoue concerto grosso, is that the orchestra is now seen as pure accompaniment instead of an equal partner to the soloist. The cadenza at the end of the first movement gives the flutist a chance to show off their virtuosity. The slower, expressive second movement brings out the melodic flute melody in C major, with a soft orchestral accompaniment. The Rondo is spirited and full of life. The orchestra uses syncopations and fanfare style rhythms to bring intensity and excitement throughout the movement.